We will start English lessons with a look at the English simple present tense of the most important 5 verbs in the language. Master these first verbs and practice with several examples. After learning the present tense of these verbs you should start reading to pick up new vocabulary. The reading process with easy stories will start immediately after this lesson, in English level 1. We will use short stories that will give several more examples of these words and the present tense of words you will learn in just a few lessons following this one.
When to Use the English Simple Present Tense
Use the English simple present tense to tell something that is happening right now. We also use the simple present to talk about simple facts, a routine, or something that is done regularly and often. After learning the simple tense you should be able to introduce yourself and tell basic information about yourself, others, or things. You will be able to talk about your routine, the things that you do, or don’t do regularly. You will also express some of the things that you are doing right now (this applies to some verbs, but not all. To express what you are doing right now is often expressed with the continuous tense instead. It will depend on the meaning of the sentence and the verb that is being used.)
Verb #1: To Be
The English simple present tense of ‘to be’.
He, She, It: is
We, You, They: are
‘To be’ is one of the verbs that use a short form of the present tense. The short form looks like this.
I + am = I’m
He + is = He’s
She + is = She’s
It + is = It’s
We + are = We’re
You + are = You’re
They + are = They’re
“Hello, I’m Rick. I’m from America. This is my girlfriend. She’s very beautiful. We’re very happy together.”
“The boys over there are students. They’re in the same grade as me. That’s John, he’s my best friend.”
The negative simple present tense of to be:
We add ‘not’ after the ‘to be’ verb. It can also be shortened in two ways like below.
I am not = I’m not
He is not = He’s not / He isn’t
She is not = She’s not / She isn’t
It is not = It’s not / It isn’t
We are not = We’re not / We aren’t
You are not = You’re not / You aren’t
They are not = They’re not / They aren’t
I’m sorry, but he’s not here now. He’s with his friends. They’re not coming home until next week. I’m not sure exactly when.
Follow along with the video about English simple present tense of the To Be verb. Practice and review. + Make sure you practice the pronunciation and listening of the sounds. All the examples above are recorded in the video:
Verb #2: To Do
Verb number 2 is ‘to do’. The simple present tense is ‘do’ and ‘does’.
I, we, you, they: do
He, she, it: does
We use do often when asking questions.
Do you like pizza?
Do you like basketball?
Do you have a brother?
Does she have long hair?
Does he play tennis?
Do they know where they are?
Do you have the time?
We answer the same questions using do.
Yes, I do.
No, I don’t.
Yes, he does.
No, he doesn’t.
Above you can notice the negative form of the simple present tense.
I, we, you, they: don’t
He, she, it: doesn’t
Verb #3: To Have
Verb #3 is to have. The simple present tense has a special form.
I, we, you, they: have
He, she, it: has
Talk about things or features that you or someone has.
She has big, bright blue eyes.
He has great big muscles.
I have 2 brothers and a sister.
They have a big family.
Do you have a pen?
We have fun together.
It has a brown spot.
Verb #4: To Go
Verb #4 is to go. Let’s quickly go over the English simple present tense.
I, we, you, they: go
He, she, it: goes
I go to school every day.
She goes to her grandmother’s house once a week.
Do you go to Japan often?
They go to the bakery to buy bread.
It goes left and right.
She goes to the river every night.
Verb #5: To Get
Verb #5 is to get. To get is very simple, like most verbs to use the English simple present tense you simply add ‘-s’ when used with she, he, or it. Let’s review.
I, we, you, they: get
He, she, it: gets
She gets text messages every minute.
I get a massage once a week.
They get a reward if they win the competition.
He gets tired easily.
We get up early in the morning.
There we have it, the first 5 verbs of the English simple present tense. The verbs are: to be, to do, to have, to go, and to get.
Start practicing right away with the lessons in English Level 1